I was shocked after hearing that young woman gave birth to a boy who had 2 promiles of alcohol in his blood. Few days after this news I could not stop thinking about it and started looking for information on what effects it might have to a child when he is older, then I found a name of a disorder that was caused by using alcohol during pregnancy – Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Needed only few minutes to realise that this disorder is very popular these days. In US and Europe, 1 in every 100 children is found to be born with this disorder. Every year, around 40 000 children are born with this health condition in the US.
As every disorder this one has its own symptoms: physical and mental impairments. First of all, children with this disease are born with smaller head circumference than healthy children. Not only their heads are smaller than usual, but also their height – they often grow smaller than average persons, accordingly their wight is lower than normal. Children with FAS also has some facial defects: Small eye width, flat cheekbones, flattened groove between nose and upper lip, thinned upper lip. Mental impairments are not so visible at early age, but when child is older he is hyperactive, fine motor skills are impaired with weak grasp, poor hand – eye coordination and tremors. Intelligence is diminished, an average IQ is in the 60s.
To identify this disorder, child must meet three main criteria : 1) Small head and weight before and after birth; 2) specific appearance of head and face with at least two of three listed signs ; 3) Brain involvement with evidence for delay in development, intellectual impairment, or neurological abnormalities.
Finally, every one knows that alcohol has a lot of negative effects on man, especially if he is very weak as a fetus. This is why none of pregnant women should drink any kind of alcohol.